1880 U.S. Census for the Glendale, Montana Area
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tenth United States Census, which was conducted by the Census Burea was
taken during June 1880. It should be noted, it was the first time that
women were permitted to be enumerators.
were authorized by the 1880 census act, four of which
were filled out by the enumerators:
1 (Population), which was similar to that used for the previous census,
with a few exceptions.
- Schedule 2
used the same inquiries as in 1870, and added inquiries to record
marital status, birth place of parents, length of residence in the
United States or territory, and name of place where the disease was
contracted, if other than place of death.
3 (Agriculture), which greatly expanded inquiries concerning various
crops (including acreage for principal crop), and included questions on
farm tenure, weeks of hired labor, annual cost for fence building and
repair, fertilizer purchases, and the number of livestock.
4 (Social statistics) was the responsibility of experts and special
agents, rather than the enumerators. The majority of the data came from
correspondence with officials of institutions providing care and
treatment of certain members of the population. Experts and special
agents also were employed to collect data on valuation, taxation, and
indebtedness; religion; libraries; colleges, academies, and schools;
newspapers and periodicals, and wages.
5 (Manufacturing), which expanded to include information on the
greatest number of hands employed at any time during the year, the
number of hours in the ordinary work day from May to November and
November to May, the average daily wages paid to skilled mechanics and
laborers, months of full-and part-time operation, and machinery used.
were also charged with collecting data on specific
industries through out the country, and included the manufactures of
iron and steel; cotton, woolen, and worsted goods; silk and silk goods;
chemical products and salt; coke and glass; shipbuilding; and all
aspects of fisheries and mining, including the production of coal and
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